Varshneya's Blog

October 5, 2009

Varshneys

Filed under: Uncategorized, Varshneya — Varshneya @ 11:45 pm

Varshney, Varshni, Varshnie, Vrishni, Varshaney, Varshnaya or Vrushni  are spelling variants of  name – Varshneya, first recorded in the Bhaagavat Gita (Bhishma Parva Mahabharat) as used by Arjuna to address Krishna (Chapter 1,  Shloka 40).  

Collectively identified as Barahsenis, sometimes had been, also called as Dwadashreni. Senis means group of people, generally referred with a common ancestor(e.g. Lalit Sen,Bhim Sen,Lakshman Sen,etc) and Shreni means categories. {Barah or Dwadash means 12}.

Varshneys are followers and progenies of Shree Akrur Ji Maharaj.  There is some debate over whether Varshneys belong to the Vaishya (merchants and artisans)  or  Kshatriya  (warriors, rulers and politicians)  caste.

Varshney Community is primarily based in western U.P. and for the past few centuries gradually moved into business. Traditionally represents the business community, including some landowners and former zamindars (hence the debate). However,  presently the Varshney community represents well-educated strata of society which can boast of having professionals ( Doctors, Engineers, CAs, etc), Civil Servants ( IAS, PCS etc), Entrepreneurs, in addition to the conventional business of trading. Now Varshneys have settled across India, in most of the developed countries and around the world.

————Varshneys  are  Kshatriya———————————————————-

1;bhagwat ke navam skandh ke adhyay 23 ke shlok 28,29 ko sath padhne par malum hota hai ki chandra vanshiya chatriya kul main RAJA YADU ke vansh main VRASHNI namak pratapi raja the aur unhi ke nam par hamari community ka nam pada..

2;LORD KRISHNA bhi hamare hi kul main paida hue , jiska detail BHAGWAT GITA ke PAHLE ADHYAY KE SHLOK 40 , and ADHYAY 3 KE SHLOK 36 main milta hai, jahan ki KRISHNA ko VARSHNEY kaha gaya hai..

3; sanskrit sahitya main AGATSYA rishi ne bhi krishna ko varshney kaha hai…

4;-so basically hum log chatriya the but proffession based caste pattern ki wajah se hum log baniya ho gaye.

5;mathura aur uske aroun 84 kosh main is community ki presence hamari marriges ki SHAKHACHAR rivaz se clear hai..

6;mathura ,brindavan ke beech main AKRUR GHAT par GOPI NATH JI ka temple hai. is temple ko varshney community main bahut manyta hai. is mandir par sirf varshney logo ka prasad hi chadhta hai.

————–History—————————————————————-

  • Chandra vanshi kshatriya aur Yaduvanshi {Yadu se Yadu vanshi. Raja Yayati had five sons – Yadu,Puru,Anu,Turvasu and Druhyu. In this dynasty was Yadu>Krosta>Vidhrbha>Kratha>Satvata>Raja Vrshni } kab se vaishya ho gaye?.  Soch,vavhyar se kahin se bhi adiktar barahseni vaishya ya bania nahin lagte hein. Kshatriya jati had always kept their ancestors name while naming themselves or places.e.g. Raghav Ram – surya vanshi kshatriya,Vasudeva Krishna – chandra vanshiya kshatriya. There were always people from Yadu kul who used to trade and look after businesses, but collectively they used to elect their kings. Initially the kingdom was divided between Vrshnis and Andhakas as usual, with Vrshnis ruling lower part of braj mandal(shoor mandal) and Andhaks ruling upper part of braj mandal (mathura mandal), but later on a confederation(Sangha) was formed. Representives of all the Yadu kuls(total of eleven-11,hence gayrahseni) had voting rights,and kings were selected. Each kul had many Rajas -usually head of the family- with voting, executive and judiciary authority. {batwara se badia hai, people from Puru kul and others used to do batwarasari mahabharat issi baat per ho gayi.}
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  • VRASHNI nahin Vrshni hai sahi naam and Varshneya means descedant of Vrshni (vrshni vanshaj, just like Kaunteya means sons of Kunti). In sanskrit, Vrshni means Paurush-purn i.e. manly or potent. Aaj bhi east europe mein Vrsni as a first name mil jate hein.  So by naming Varshney itself, a declaration is made of being Kshatriya.{soch,vayvhar se bhi kshatriya hein.}
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  • Some of regions of Bharatvarsh are still being named after proginies of Yayati.  Bharat (India),  Hasti (Hastinapur) were of Puru kul. Vidhrbha region is named after Vidhrbha of Yadu kul. Shoorya mandal  (Braj mandal consists of Mathura and Shoorya mandal) was named after Shoorasen Varshneya- father of Vasudeva and grandfather of Krshnji. It’s capital was Batesar near Agra,Batesar still exist near Agra. Anga,Vanga(Bengal), Kalinga, Pundra, etc were sons of  Bali and Champa  (Champa  in Bihar) was son of Anga,they were all descendants of Anu  (Yayati’s son). Ghandhar, Kerala (presently Kerala state), Chola, Pandya were sons of Ghandira, descendant of Turvasu (Yayati’s son). These names still exist.Kerala, Chola and Pandya moved from present Afghanistan to south of Bharatvarsh and established their kingdom(s),this happened many millenniums before Mahabharat war. {Another major conflict between Turvasu vanshi-Raja Sudas and other 10 Rajas in Punjab region-Rigveda Mandal 7.
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  • In Yadu>Krosta>Vidhrbha>Kratha kula, Raja Satvata  (lone son of Kratha descendant)  had seven sons – Vrshni,Andhaka,Mahabhoj,Divvya,Bhajman,Devavradha and Bhaji. Akruraji (son of Svaphalka and grandon of Prsni had two sons-Devaka and Updevaka. Svaphalka (married nandini,daughter of Raja of Kashi), brother of Chitaratha had Akrurji (eldest) and twelve other sons called Asanga,Sarameya,Mrdura,Mrduvit,Mrduvadiri,Dharmavraddha,Sukarman,Ksatropeksa,Arimardana,Satrughna,Gandhamadana and Pratibhau) was 5th generation of Raja Vrshni. Kans (son of Ugrasena, the 12th generation to Andhak,childern of Kans were driven out of Brajmandal after Kans was killed) was in Andhak Kul and Krishnji (son of Vasudevaji and grandson of Shoorsen,and Shoorsen-who was descendant of Chitaratha-brother of Svaphalka) was married to Rukmini in Mahabhoj Kul (Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaji’s mother Jijibai was from this kul, many people call themselves Jadav from this kul).  Krshnji’s other wife Satyabhama was very courageous and daughter of Satrajit (son of Nighna,Nighna was brother of Sini, Prsni) and fourth generation of Vrshni hence of Vrshni kul. {issiliye Akrurji ko Krshnji chacha kahte the.}
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  • Akrurji (Akrur ka matlab jo kroor na ho – who is not cruel) was highly regarded by all in Vrshni, Madhu, Andhak and Bhoj kul. He was quite instrumental in Krsnji’s life.He was kul parvartak and kul shiromani then and at present. That is why Varshneyas are progenies and followers of Akrurji. Similarly, other kuls also had their own leaders like Ahuka of Andhak kul, etc. {issiliye Akrurji ko swyamtak mani diya gaya tha, raksha karne ke liye.}
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  • ** Uddhav – cousin brother of krshnji, as mentioned in Uddhav Gita (Bhagavat katha)- 
  • At Kurukshetra(present day Haryana), before start of Mahabharata war, Bhaagavat Gita was preached by Krshnji to Arjun when he found Arjuna in a terrible dilemma. Bhaagawat Gita means song or words as spoken by bhaagwan. Realizing that his enemies are his own relatives, beloved friends, and revered teachers, he turns to his charioteer and guide, Krshnji  for advice.  Bhagwat Gita – was replayed again after Mahabharat war in angaan vaarta’s of Pandavs and Krshnji,etc. “mene yeh kaha tha-nahin yeh kaha tha“.  The conversation was started by Pandav Yudhisthira, “tum dono kya ker rehe the wahan?”.   With all the edits and refinements – was written in Sanskrit, the literary language of the time. {Baad mein Ved Vayas ki mahabharat katha mein include kiya gaya tha.}
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  • ** Bhaagwat Gita Chapter 1, Shlok 40                                                Bhaagwat Gita Chapter 3, Shlok 36

 

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  • Sari Mahabaharat khatam ho gayi and only eight Varshneyas (five Pandavs, Krshniji, Satyaki and Kritverma), Kripacharaya and approximately 245,000 soldiers were left. Many of the support army staff moved west and settled in those areas. Thousands of these soldiers and support staff moved and settled in Palestine area and beyond. Many of them were Nagas and tribals who used to worship Cat, Sheep and Nagas.They influenced the region and their customs. Few of them intermingled into Egypt ruling class, building Pyramids (mostly the middle kingdoms of Egypt) with Snake heads as protectors. After couple of millenniums, had conflict with Moses regarding these customs, later Moses receiving Ten Commandments.{mahabharat war ke bahut saalo baad, Srimad bhaagwat katha ko likha gaya tha. Aur uske bahut baad mein Gayarahsenis ki phir se classification hui, barahsenis aur Arjunayas mein}.
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  • Satyaki (of Sini Kul – Sini was father of Satyaki and great grand son of Vrshni and brother of Prsni,Prsni was Akrurji’s grandfather – separated from Vrshni kul because of some fight with people of Andhak kul and moved to Mulsthan-Multan area) and Kritverma  (of Vrshni Kul) were MahaRathi and commander in Mahabharat war. (Even though Sini had separated, Satyaki for various reasons – he went to same gurukul with Pandavs was one, were best of friends with Pandav Arjun and Krshniji). They kept fighting among themselves in the war and after. This was the very cause of Vrshni,Andhak,Madhu,Yadu and Bhoj kul destruction in Prabhas Kshetra area. (Near Hiran river and Somnath temple,Gujarat – where every one(everyone carried an state issued mudrika/identification) from Dwarka had grouped for safety from the forecasted submergence of Dwarka,and had no proper living conditions) {sab mara-khap gaye.}
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  • Vrajvallabh (Krsniji’s great grandson, only some Vrshnis were left after travelling from Dwarka to Brijmandal)  was crowned king of Indraprastha under Prakishit by Pandavs, before going to forest. He had asked Akrurji’s widow’s to stay in Brij Mandal, instead of going to forest or become sati. After Mahabharat war, Kampilya became empty, Panchaal desh se-Puru Kul wale (descendants of Dhrupad,Dristdhuymna,etc) kampilya se kuch log, Ganga paar aa ker bas gaye. They were called Kampilyawale.This place began to be named Kampilyagarh and then KOIL. This is the old name of Aligarh.KOIL is still a tehsil in present day Aligarh district. They were considered barahwan(12th) sen (Kampilya wale were always close to Vrshnis-in marriages and other terms,especially to Yadu>Krosta>Vidarbha>Rompada>Chedi kul). Even though Abhimanyu and Parikshit were quite oftenly refered as Vrshnis,since Kunti and Subhadra had left the kul,their descendants were not considered in Vrshni Kul. Hence Varshneys are called Barahsenis. {Yaduvanshi pahle gayarahseni the.}
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  • After Dwarka (could be cluster of Islands,which was perhaps towards west and 5-60  kilometers deep into sea of present Dwarka) sank, Yauyudhani-son of Satyaki was appointed chief of the region in the plains of Sarasvati river(Bhawalpur,Pakistan and Sriganganagar,Rajasthan area) – by Pandav Arjun,also Krishnji and Rukmini ‘s daughter -Charumati- who was married to Bali-son of Kritavarma and Bali’s son Andhaka got Mrittivakata-near present Tonk,Rajasthan region.Satyaki’s daughter’s son Bhuti who was grandson of Pandav Bhima and founder of Malava region  (present day Chittorgarh,Rajasthan region)  was made king of Saraswat nagar. {pichle kuch saal se, research is being done of  underwater city found offshore Jaamnagar,Gujarat.}
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  • In Mahabaharat war times and later Mahabhoj kul wale were always considered best Rathi i.e. warriors on chariots. After Maurya empire ,these Rathis and MahaRathis had recovered their states in Vidhrba and Saurastra region. They had matrimonial relations with Abhiras of Sind/Saurashtra and Satvahanas of Andhra regions. Rashtrakuta dynasty were probably descendants of Satyaki and Mahabhoj. Seuna Yadavs of Devagiri called themselves Maratha (derived from MahaRathi and lay the foundation of Marathi and Maharashtra). Coins from these MahaRathi state/region can be found in museums.Ellora temples and now caves were built by them.{Rathi,AdhiRathi,MahaRathi were militiary designations or posts like Colonel,General,Brigadier,etc.}
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  • Descendants of Sini call themselves Sainis or Sini (some of them had intermarried into Jats, hence call themselves Jats and are dissolved into Jats and others).  A family of these Jats came from Sindh and settled in Bayana-Brij Mandal and later fought with Aurangjeb to form independent state of Bharatpur. Leading to the downfall of Mughal Empire.{with support of others.}
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  • Mathura was a metropolitan city with Taxila,Patliputra,Ujjain,Saket,etc. Mathura,Patliputra,Ujjain was significantly destroyed by Sakas,Kushans between 100BCE – 250CE. Mounds and hills (used as bunkers) are still visible in Brijmandal. Vikram Samvat Calender is the celebration of victory by Raja Vikramditya of Malva (capitol:Ujjain,some people from Malava had moved/or extended control to this region hence called Malva) over Sakas and Vikram-Vaital moral stories,written by Vaitalbhatt are prevelent).  During 2nd and 3rd centuries CE, Yuyudheyas (present day SriGanganagar,Rajasthan & Haryana region) and during 2nd century BCE, Vrishnis (Mathura region) had recovered their respective kingdoms.{buddham sharanam gacchaami se sab defences khatam ho gaye.}
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  • During the course of Vikram Samvat era, Braj region which is 84 kous around Mathura (from Bayana-Rajasthan to Barauli-Aligarh and Palwal-Haryana to Firozabad-Etah) have undergone major changes. Braj consists of Mathura mandal (present districts of Mathura,Aligarh,Hathras,Etah,Palwal) and Shoorya Mandal (present districts of Bharatpur,Agra – which used to be a village called Agr Vana “iske aage Van hai”, Dholpur,Bayana). With the sacking and plunder of Mathura many times during Vikram Samvat era, has been reduced to a small town from a mega metro city,still retaining it’s name. {Puranoun mein aur bahut artifacts mil jayenge padne ke liye.} 
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  • Start of kaliyug was of great depression times which lasted for 1200 years or more, due to Mahabharata war.  Before Maurya empire, Mathura-Shouryasen was a kingdom. Before Gupta empire Mathura-Vrshni was a kingdom, coins of these kingdoms are kept in Mathura,Lucknow,London museums. To honour, of the 58 panels at display on outer corridor of ground floor of Indian Parliament (Sansad Bhavan), panel 11 displays a mural of scene representing the meeting of the elders of the Lichchhavi kul(during Buddha’s and Amrapali’s time,ruled Vajji area-capitol Vaishali,present day Bihar,Nepal), showing the coins of the earlier Ganas such as Andhakas, Vrishnis, Yaudheyas, Malavas, etc.{Sangha or confederation ka model bana rahe the.}

====Shree Akrurji Maharaj in Scriptures====

Svaphalka of the Vrsni dynasty married Nandini, daughter, of the king of Kasi and Akrura was born to them. Akrura was an uncle of Sri Krsna but is respected more as a worshipper of Krsna.
1. He became famous as a commander of the Yadava army. (Chapter 220 of Adi Parva, Mahabharat).
2. Akrura was also present for the Svayamvara (wedding) of Panchali. (Sloka 18, Chapter 185 of Adi Parva, Mahabharat).
3. At the time of Arjuna’s eloping with Subhadra, a grand festival was going on in the Raivata mountain and Akrura was partaking in the same. (Sloka 10, Chapter 218, Adi Parva, Mahabharat).
4. Akrura accompanied Krsna for the marraige ceremony of Subhadra(Sloka 29, Chapter 220, Adi Parva, Mahabharat).
5. Akrura came to the country called Upaplavya for attending the marriage of Abimanya. (Sloka 22, chapter 72, Virata Parva, Mahabharat).
6. Akrura and Ahuka always quarrelled with each other both alleging that the other sided with the opposite camp of Krsna (Sloka 9 to 11, Chapter 81, Santi Parva, Mahabharat).
7. Kamsa planning to kill Balabhadrarama and Sri Krsna conducted a festival called Capapuja (worhip of the bow). It was Akura whom Kamsa sent to bring Balabhadra and Krsna for the festival.Akrura understood the plot, informed Krsna about it and also advised Krsna to kill Kamsa (Dasama Skandha, Bhagvata).

8. Akura fought against Jarasandha on the side of Krsna (Dasama Skandha, Bhagvata).
9. On another occasion Krsna, Balabhadra and Uddhava sent Akura to Hasitnapura to get tidings about Kunti and the Pandavas.Akura met Vasudev sister Kunti and talked to her for a long time and also met Dhirtarastra and talked to him after which he returned to Dvaraka (Dasama Skandha, Bhagvata).
10. Domestic life.Akura married Sutanu, daughter of Ahuka and got two sons named Devaka and Upadevaka. (Navama Skadha, Bhagvata).

==Shree Akrurji Maharaj in Mandir==

  • Akrur Ghat – Akrura Ghat is one of the bathing ghats at Vrindavan in Mathura District. This is the place where Lord Krishna and Lord Balram is believed to have revealed their forms of Lord Vishnu and Sesha to Akrura. The text Adi Varaha Purana illustrates Akrura Ghata as the king of all holy places. Major point of attraction here is an ancient Gopi Nath temple with Krishna and Balram as the deities. Akrura is depicted as standing in between them. It is believed that one can eradicate all his sins by bathing here on full moon days.

 

  • Shree Varshney Mandir – The temple of Lord Yogiraj Shree Krishna , Varshney kul-pravartak ShreeAkroorji and other hindu deities is one of the best visiting place of Aligarh. It is situated on Aligarh-Kanpur G.T.Road, Aligarh and can be sighted in almost full view from Naurangabad Flyover Aligarh,U.P,India.

 

 

==Abode of Shree Akrurji Maharaj==

Shree Akrur Dev Dham – The Varshney (Barahseni) Samaj has planned to develop a magnificent, multi-dimensional project in the memory of our beloved and most respected Shree Akrurji Maharaj. The site chosen to bring to life this dream project, is situated on the Delhi-Kolkata G.T road, near Panethi, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh and is spread over several acres of land.

This grand complex will be enriched with many picturesque and panoramic views. The beautiful statues of Shree Krishnaji and Shree Akrurji  will be erected atop two sky-high hills. Each statue will be surrounded by four cave temples, which will be carved with various activities of them. Behind these two hills, these will be a beautiful waterfall cascading down from a third hill. This waterfall will encircle the two hills and take the shape of a beautiful canal which will facilitate charming boat rides for the visitors. Besides this, there will be Water parks, Meal huts and various entertainment facilities on both sides of the canal. There will be two magnificent multi-storied buildings which will encompass centers for cultural and social programs. An old age home, equipped with all the modern amenities for the senior citizens will be milestone of the program.

The new concept of “Child University” will be a great achievement of this project. This University will be a dream fulfilled for thousands of children of the society who are deprived of a good education and do not have a goal in their lives. This project will also boast the child train and many other modern activities for children.

A large medical science center, which will be equipped will all the latest and modern medical facilities and will cater to the medical requirements of the public and will the best part of the project.

==Cultural Influences (Not Including Krshnji and Balaramji)==

  • Inspired by the Ganesh Chaturthi celebrations in Mumbai,few Varshneys formed an association in 1920’s to celebrate Krishna Janmashtami with the Dahi Handi program in Dadar,Mumbai.Which has become very famous and a cultural event through-out the region.
  • With immense opposition to their marriage, Anirudhha (grandson of Krshnji) and Usha (daughter of Banasur) performed nine days(nav ratri mein) of diya dance (dancing with lit diyas on palms),encircling the goddess, in Maa Ambaiji Shakti pith, Mt Abu, Rajasthan.
    This form of dance is the purest Garba dance still today in Gujrat, more popular form of this dance is dancing with sticks – Raas Dandiya. This is a major cultural event through-out the Gujarat-Maharashtra region.
  • Motivated by the Sun worship of Kunti Putra and Anga Raj Karan and his chasity, Chath Puja is a major puja event in Bihar and Eastern Uttar Pradesh till date, which goes on for four days. This is the only puja occasion when setting sun is worshiped.
  • With support from Bal Gangadhar TilakIshwar Das Varshnei started the first glass factory by the name of Paisa Fund Glass Works in Talegaon near Poona. He became known as the father of the glass industry in India.

The cultural anthropology of Mathura along-with Braj and that of Varshneys are interlaced. Mathura has contributed a lot towards Indian culture through its rich heritage. The ethos of Mathura, and in fact the whole of Braj mandal is centered on Krshnji and his tales. Mathura sees heightened activities during the major festivities dedicated to the Krshnji.

The Braj culture has been expressed widely through various practices.

Sanjhee is the colourful art of decorating the ground with flowers.

Rasiya too is a tradition that is integral to Mathura’s Culture. It is the tradition of folk-songs that describe the love of the divine couple Radha and Krshnji. It is an inseparable part of the Holi celebrations and all other festive occasions at Mathura. {Dhulendi – Holi with drums,dholak,colours, etc originated from Braj region hundreds of millenniums before – as replied by Krshnji to Pandavs when questioned by Pandav Yudhisthira in one of their angaan vaarta’s.  Accordingly,in the jungles near Mathura rajya,there was a rakshas who used to torment the people of near-by villages. She used to be scared only by loud noise and light. Finally one day,the king decided to eliminate her.So he organized people who would play drums with loud noise, mashaals, etc. This killed the rakshas,since then it is celebrated as Dhulendi.}

Raaslilas of Mathura have become an integral part of Indian folklore. According to popular belief, Krshnaji had danced the Raas with gopis on banks of Yamuna river.  

Charkula is a traditional folk dance of the Braj. In this dance, a woman balances a column of deepikas on her head and dances to the accompaniment of Rasiya songs by the men folk.

Right:  A performance of Charkula during a festival at Shree Varshney Mandir,Aligarh.

The language spoken in the Braj Mandal is mainly Hindi which is spoken in a different dialect. This dialect is characteristic with the Braj region and known as Brajbhasha. Before hindi and until past few centuries, Brajbhasha used to be the dominant language in literature.

Mathura is steeped in Hindu tradition, which is visible everywhere. The temples, river front and ponds are all centres of religious activity. From early morning till dusk devotees throng the holy places.

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